The initiative to convene a second "Big Three" conference came from Roosevelt, who had hoped for a meeting before the US presidential elections in November 1944, but later pushed for a meeting in early 1945 at a neutral location in the Mediterranean. Malta, Cyprus and Athens have been proposed. Stalin, who insisted that his doctors oppose long journeys, rejected these options.  Instead, he suggested meeting instead in the Black Sea city of Yalta in Crimea. Fear of Stalin`s plane also contributed to this decision.  Yet Stalin formally referred to Roosevelt as the "host" of the conference; All plenary sessions should take place in the American accommodation of the Livadia Palace, and Roosevelt, without exception, sits in the center of the group photos (all taken by Roosevelt`s official photographer). As an Allies` victory was likely, the objective of the Yalta conference was to decide what to do with Germany after it was defeated. In many ways, the Yalta conference set the stage for the rest of the Cold War in Europe. On March 1, Roosevelt assured Congress: "I come from Crimea with the firm conviction that we have begun on the road to a world of peace."  However, the Western powers soon realized that Stalin would not keep his promise of free elections for Poland. After receiving considerable criticism in London after Yalta of the atrocities committed by Soviet troops in Poland, Churchill wrote a desperate letter to Roosevelt in which he referred to the large-scale deportations and liquidations of opposition Poles by the Soviets.  On March 11, Roosevelt replied to Churchill and wrote, "I am sure we must stand firm on a correct interpretation of Crimea`s decision. They rightly believe that neither the government nor the people of this country will support participation in fraud or mere deception by the Lublin government, and the solution must be as we imagined it in Yalta.
 The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimean Conference and Mitdemkodem Argonaut, took place from 4 to 11 February 1945 and was the meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union during World War II to discuss the reorganization of Germany and Europe after the war.
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